What Is Vertigo? Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

What Is Vertigo? Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

If you experience vertigo, you’re not alone. In fact, vertigo happens at least once to nearly 40% of adults in the United States. Note that vertigo isn’t an illness but rather a symptom of many different conditions. As a result, you may experience vertigo long-term or only temporarily. 

Luckily, you can alleviate symptoms of vertigo through various home remedies, including home IV therapies from Mobile IV Medics. Keep reading to learn more about the causes, symptoms and treatments of vertigo.

Table Of Contents:

  • What Is Vertigo?
  • What Are Vertigo Treatments?
  • Vertigo Home Remedies

    What Is Vertigo?

    If you experience a sensation of constant dizziness, you may have vertigo. A person experiencing vertigo will feel as though the room is spinning around them. While some people think vertigo is an ailment, it’s actually a symptom of a more significant issue.

    Conditions that cause vertigo have to do with an imbalance in the inner ear or a problem with the central nervous system:


    • Labyrinthitis: Labyrinthitis causes vertigo when inflammation happens in the inner ear labyrinth, affecting the vestibulocochlear nerve. 
    • Vestibular neuritis: Vestibular neuritis happens when the vestibular neuritis becomes inflamed.
    • Ménière’s disease: This disease causes a buildup of fluid in the ear, and mainly occurs in people between ages 40 and 60.
    • Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV): This disease happens when the calcium crystals in an individual’s ear become dislodged and fall into the semicircular canal. These crystals touch sensory hair cells, which causes the brain to receive inaccurate information about a person’s position, thus causing vertigo.

    Other causes of vertigo may include:

    • Migraine headaches
    • Head injuries 
    • Ear surgery
    • Shingles in or around the ear
    • Syphilis
    • Strokes
    • Multiple sclerosis
    • Acoustic neuroma, or a benign mass that emerges on the vestibulocochlear nerve near the inner ear
    • Cerebellar or brainstem disease
    • Ataxia
    • Otosclerosis
    • Perilymphatic fistula, or when inner ear fluid drips into the middle ear because of tears in either of the membranes in the middle and inner ear 
    • Prolonged bed rest
    • Medication
    • Pregnancy

    However, even though vertigo is a symptom, it can lead to other symptoms, as well. The often severe dizziness vertigo causes can lead to its own set of side effects, such as:

    • Balance problems
    • Motion sickness
    • Nausea
    • Lightheadedness
    • Tinnitus, or ringing in the ear
    • Vomiting
    • A feeling of fullness in the ear
    • Nystagmus, or eyes that move uncontrollably side to side
    • Headaches
    What Are Vertigo Treatments?

    What Are Vertigo Treatments?

    Often, vertigo will go away on its own, but a person will need treatment in some cases. This treatment is related to the condition causing vertigo. For example, a doctor will prescribe a person with shingles antiviral drugs, which will ultimately prevent them from experiencing vertigo as it works to manage the overarching condition. Therefore, finding the root cause of vertigo is the key to getting the proper treatment.


    Vertigo Home Remedies

    Many home remedies can help reduce the effects of vertigo. If you’re experiencing vertigo, you can try:

    • Lying in a dark, quiet room
    • Sitting down as soon as dizziness appears
    • Taking extra time to perform movements that trigger the effects of vertigo, like getting up, looking forward and turning your head
    • Squatting instead of bending over to pick something up 
    • Using a cane to walk
    • Sleeping with two or more pillows to raise your head 
    • Turning the lights on at night to prevent falls

    There are some herbal remedies that may improve vertigo, too. Try incorporating the following into your diet, with guidance from your physician:

    • Cayenne
    • Turmeric
    • Ginkgo biloba
    • Ginger root
    • Gonjin-dan

    Additionally, you could try these four maneuvers you can do at home to reduce the effects of vertigo.

    Semont Maneuver

    1. Sit on the edge of your bed. Turn your head 45 degrees to the right.
    2. Quickly lie down on your left side. Stay there for 30 seconds.
    3. Quickly move to lie down on the opposite end of your bed. Keep your head at a 45-degree angle and lie for 30 seconds. Look at the floor.
    4. Return slowly to sitting and wait a few minutes.
    5. Reverse these moves for the right ear.

    Complete these moves three times a day until you go 24 hours without vertigo.

    Brandt-Daroff Exercise

    1. Start in an upright, seated position on your bed.
    2. Tilt your head around a 45-degree angle away from the side, causing your vertigo. Move into the lying position on one side with your nose pointed up.
    3. Stay in this position for about 30 seconds or until your vertigo eases off, whichever is longer. Then, move back to the seated position.
    4. Repeat on the other side.

    Do these movements three to five times in a session. Try completing three sessions a day for up to two weeks, or until the vertigo is gone for two days.

    Half Somersault or Foster Maneuver

    1. Kneel and look up at the ceiling for a few seconds.
    2. Touch the floor with your head, tucking your chin, so your head goes toward your knees. Wait for any vertigo to stop, which may take about 30 seconds.
    3. Turn your head in the direction of your affected ear — if you feel dizzy on your left side, turn to face your left elbow. Wait 30 seconds.
    4. Raise your head, so it’s level with your back while you’re on all fours. Keep your head at that 45-degree angle. Wait 30 seconds.
    5. Raise your head, so it’s completely upright, but ensure it’s turned to the shoulder of the side you’re managing and slowly stand up.

    Before trying any of these home remedies, it’s essential to consult your doctor to make sure these home remedies will benefit your condition. 

    IV Therapy for Vertigo

    IV Therapy for Vertigo

    Sometimes, home remedies aren’t enough to help mitigate your vertigo. IV therapy can help you get back to feeling like yourself again. A Mobile IV Medics nausea IV drip package can tackle nausea and vomiting quickly. It includes anti-nausea medicine and fluids to have you feeling your best as quickly as possible. Plus, since Mobile IV Medics will send a nurse to you, you can get your IV drip treatment from the comfort of your own home!

    We’re a mobile IV therapy provider that offers unique treatments brought directly to you. Our team of IV therapy experts can travel to your home, office or hotel room to administer an IV treatment. We strive to provide safe, comfortable and convenient service. At Mobile IV Medics, you can choose the IV drip that best fits your symptoms and unique needs.

    IV therapy is one of the quickest and most effective methods of delivering vital nutrients to your body, alleviating many symptoms of vertigo. Each IV drip treatment contains a carefully chosen blend of high-quality vitamins, nutrients and antioxidants to relieve several common symptoms people may experience. It’s also possible to customize your IV vitamin bag for your specific health concerns.

    Experience the benefits of an IV treatment and schedule an appointment today or call 833-483-7477 to learn more.


    About the author

    Brad Wenderoth, Pharm.D.

    Brad Wenderoth, Pharm.D. is a licensed pharmacist and co-owner of Mobile IV Medics. With over 16 years of healthcare experience, Brad is bringing his expertise and passion for patient care to the Mobile IV Medics patient population. Prior to Mobile IV Medics, Brad worked in varying areas including both direct patient care and hospital leadership at Keck Medicine of the University of Southern California (USC) in Los Angeles, nationwide health system pharmacy consulting for Comprehensive Pharmacy Services (CPS), and professor of pharmacy at the USC School of Pharmacy. He holds a doctorate in pharmacy from the University of Arizona, a pharmacy practice residency from USC, and a lean six sigma green belt from Johns Hopkins.